Diagnostic Medical Sonography

A diagnostic medical sonographer is a highly-skilled professional who uses specialized equipment to create images of structures inside the human body that are used by physicians to make a medical diagnosis.

The professional responsibilities include, but are not limited to:

  • talking with the patients to identify their symptoms
  • performing the sonogram and obtaining diagnostic images
  • analyzing images and patient information
  • using independent judgement in recognizing the need to make adjustments to the sonogram
  • providing an oral or written summary of the technical findings to the physician for medical diagnosis
  • working with physicians and other health care providers
  • providing quality patient care

Many sonographers also assist in electronic record keeping, and computerized image storage. Sonographers may also have managerial or supervisory responsibilities.

What is sonography?
Sonography is a diagnostic medical procedure that uses high frequency sound waves to produce dynamic visual images of organs, tissues, or blood flow inside the body. This type of procedure is called a sonogram. There are several areas of specialization in the field of sonography:

  • Abdomen - evaluation of all the soft tissues, blood vessels and organs of the abdomen
  • Breast - frequently used to evaluate breast lumps and other abnormalities that are found with screening or mammography
  • Obstetrics/Gynecology - evaluation of the developing fetus and the female reproductive system
  • Cardiac - evaluation of the anatomy and function of the heart and related blood vessels
  • Vascular - evaluation of the blood flow through blood vessels
  • Neurosonology - evaluation of the brain and spinal cord in infants

Sonography is increasingly being used in the detection and treatment of heart disease, heart attack, and vascular disease that can lead to stroke. It is also used to guide needles for tissue biopsies taken for testing under a microscope.

The professionals who perform these procedures are known as sonographers.


What are the career opportunities?
With rapidly changing computer enhanced technologies, miniaturization, and increased use of diagnostic medical sonography, growth is projected to continue in the future with employment opportunities for qualified sonographers in both urban and rural areas.

Sonographers can choose to work in clinics, hospitals, private practice physician offices, public health facilities, laboratories, and other medical settings performing examinations in their areas of specialization. Career advancement opportunities exist in education, administration, research, and in commercial companies as education/application specialists, sales representatives, and technical advisors.

How long does it take?
Comprehensive Diagnostic Medical Sonography programs vary in length from one to four years depending on the degree or certificate awarded. Prerequisites also vary among programs from high school diploma or GED to specific qualifications in a related allied health profession.

When seeking a reputable program, candidates should consult the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP), which accredits diagnostic medical sonography programs in the United States. A list of accredited programs is available on CAAHEP’s web site, www.caahep.org. Once a sonography education program is completed, the sonographer takes the national credentialing/certification exams before beginning their career as a sonographer.

How much does it pay?
In addition to excellent career opportunities, salaries for sonographers are competitive with or higher than other professionals with similar levels of education. According to the SDMS Salary and Benefits Survey report (2005), the median salary for sonographers is $62,000.
Salaries vary depending on years of experience, credentials/certifications held, number of specialties practiced, as well as geographic location. There are opportunities for full-time and part-time employment.

Find out more about Diagnostic Medical Sonography by visiting www.sdms.org/career

Career Video: Use this 5 minute online presentation as an introduction to a career in Diagnostic Medical Sonography. [Note: Requires Flash player and speakers]

Career Video Podcast on iTunes: Use this 5 minute video podcast as an introduction to a career in Diagnostic Medical Sonography. With a video-capable iPod and the proper cable, you can even use your iPod to present the video on a television! [Note: Requires iTunes software and speakers]

Career Brochure: Learn more about a career in Diagnostic Medical Sonography. You can customize and print this brochure by visiting www.sdms.org/career/careerbrochure/custom.aspx

Medical Ultrasound Awareness Month

October is now known as Medical Ultrasound Awareness Month, or MUAM for short. This is a celebration of sonography sponsored jointly by the SDMS, AIUM, ARDMS, ASE, CCI, and SVU.


Websites to Visit
SDMS: www.sdms.org
ARDMS: www.ardms.org
CAAHEP: www.caahep.org
Who's Who in Sonography: www.sdms.org/about/who.asp

Society of Diagnostic Medical Sonography

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